|Dr. King speaking on his Influence of Gandhi and Nonviolence.
King read several books on the ideas of Gandhi, and was convinced that the same methods could be employed by blacks to obtain civil rights in America. He was particularly struck by Gandhi’s words: “Through our pain we will make them see their injustice”.
|Nehru announcing Gandhi’s death in 1948 “Friends and Comrades, the light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere. I do not know what to tell you and how to say it. Our beloved leader, Bapu as we call him, the Father of the Nation, is no more. Perhaps I am wrong to say that. Nevertheless, we will not see him again as we have seen him for these many years. We will not run to him for advice and seek solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not to me only but to millions and millions of this country.”
Birth January 15, 1929. Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Death April 4, 1968. Memphis, Tennessee, USA (assassination by gunshot)
Known for Leading the civil rights movement in the United States
Advocating nonviolent protest against segregation and racial discrimination
1954 Selected as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama
1955 Received his Ph.D. in systematic theology from Boston University
1955-1956 Led a successful effort to desegregate Montgomery, Alabama, buses
1957 Helped found and served as the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
1958 Published Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story
1963 Wrote ‘Letter from Birmingham Jail,’ arguing that it was his moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws
1963 Delivered his ‘I Have a Dream’ speech to civil rights marchers at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1964 Won the Nobel Peace Prize
1965 Organized a mass march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, that created national support for federal voting-rights legislation
1968 Was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee
Quote: ‘I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.’ August, 1963, in a speech to civil rights supporters at the March on Washington.
Did You Know: King’s nonviolent doctrine was strongly influenced by the teachings of Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi.
In 1964, King became the first black American to be honored as Time magazine’s Man of the Year.
King’s efforts were not limited to securing civil rights; he also spoke out against poverty and the Vietnam War
Video above: By 1967, King had become the country’s most prominent opponent of the Vietnam War.
|Video above: The full version of Martin Luther King’s famous “I have a dream” speech.